Early Microscopes 1650-1840
Microscopes of the Age of the Enlightenment. These include the 18th and early 19th centuries. This period is marked mainly by the evolution of microscope design.
Achromatic Microscopes, 1840-1900
Microscopes of the Age of Exploration. After the introduction of the achromatic microscope and the increase in magnification, it became an essential tool for scientists.
Petrographic Microscopes 1860-1950
Microscopes designed to observe and measure the optical properties of minerals and other crystalline materials, acting as sophisticated spectrometers of visible light.
Outstanding 20th C. Microscopes
Landmark, rare or highly innovative microscopes from the era of standardization and mass production.
Microscopy and Israel
Historical microscopes from Israeli universities, Israeli-made microscopes and my own microscope design.
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